Oregonsportshall.com – Handball is a sport that has been played for thousands of years, and has evolved over time to become the game we know and love today. From ancient times to modern rules, the history of handball is a fascinating journey through time, culture, and sport.
The Evolution of Handball: From Ancient Times to Modern Rules
Ancient Handball: From Aztecs to Greeks
Handball, as a sport, has been played since ancient times. Aztecs played a version of the game called “tlachtli” which involved hitting a rubber ball with their hips, while the ancient Greeks played “urania” which involved throwing a ball against a wall. The ancient Romans also played a similar game called “expulsim ludere” which involved throwing a ball to one another.
Modern Handball: The Birth of Indoor Handball
Modern handball, as we know it today, originated in Denmark in the late 19th century. The game was played outdoors on grass, but in 1917, the first indoor handball court was built in Germany. This marked the birth of indoor handball, which became an official Olympic sport in 1972.
Handball Rules: From 7 Players to 6
Over the years, handball rules have evolved. In the beginning, handball was played with 7 players on each team. However, in 1966, the number of players was reduced to 6. The game is played on a court that is 40 meters long and 20 meters wide. The goalposts are 2 meters high and 3 meters wide. The ball used in handball is made of leather or synthetic material and weighs between 425-475 grams.
Handball Today: A Global Sport
Today, handball is played in over 150 countries, and is especially popular in Europe. The International Handball Federation (IHF) is the governing body of the sport, and organizes international competitions such as the World Handball Championship and the Handball World Cup. Handball is also played at the Summer Olympics, and is a highly competitive and exciting sport to watch.