The History of the Modern Marathon
Oregonsportshall.com – The marathon is one of the most iconic races in the world, challenging athletes to run 26.2 miles through cities, mountains, and deserts. But where did this grueling race come from, and how did it become such a beloved event? To understand the history of the modern marathon, we need to go back to ancient Greece.
The Evolution of the Modern Marathon: From Ancient Greece to Today
The Birth of the Marathon
The marathon race has a rich history that dates back to ancient Greece. According to legend, in 490 B.C., a messenger named Pheidippides ran from the city of Marathon to Athens to deliver news of a military victory against the Persians. The distance of this run was approximately 26 miles, and it is said that Pheidippides collapsed and died upon delivering the news. This story has become the inspiration for the modern-day marathon race, which has become one of the most famous and grueling endurance events in the world.
The First Modern Olympics
The modern marathon as we know it today was first introduced at the inaugural modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. The distance of this race was set at 25 miles to allow for a finish inside the Olympic stadium, and it was won by Greek runner Spyridon Louis. The race was such a success that it was decided to make it a permanent part of the Olympic program, with the distance being increased to 26.2 miles for the 1908 Games in London.
The Rise of the Marathon as a Popular Event
After its inclusion in the Olympics, the marathon began to gain popularity as a standalone event. In 1909, the Boston Athletic Association organized the first Boston Marathon, which was inspired by the success of the Olympic marathon. The race was a huge success, and it has been held every year since then, making it the oldest annual marathon in the world. Other major marathons followed, including the New York City Marathon, which was first held in 1970, and the Chicago Marathon, which was first held in 1977.
Breaking Records and Pushing Limits
Throughout the 20th century, the marathon continued to grow in popularity and began to attract the world’s best runners. The marathon world record has been broken several times, with the current men’s record being held by Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya, who ran a time of 2:01:39 in 2018. The women’s record is held by Brigid Kosgei, also of Kenya, who ran a time of 2:14:04 in 2019. In recent years, the marathon has also become a platform for pushing the limits of human endurance, with runners attempting to break the 2-hour barrier in the marathon.
The Future of the Marathon
The marathon has come a long way since its humble beginnings in ancient Greece. Today, it is one of the most popular and prestigious endurance events in the world, with millions of people participating in marathons each year. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, many marathons have adapted to virtual formats to continue giving runners the opportunity to participate and push their limits. As we look to the future, it is clear that the marathon will continue to evolve, with new technology and training techniques helping runners to break records and achieve new heights of endurance.